What is Physical Therapy?

The individualized, "hands on" approach that characterizes physical therapy care is highly valued by patients. When a physical therapist sees a patient for the first time, he or she examines that individual and develops a plan of care that promotes the ability to move, reduces pain, restore function, and prevent impairments or disability. The physical therapist and the patient then work side-by-side to make sure that the goals of the treatment plan are met.

Therapeutic exercise and functional training are the cornerstones of physical therapy treatment. Depending on the particular needs of a patient, physical therapists may mobilize or "manipulate" a joint (that is, perform certain types of passive movements at the end of the patient's range of motion) or massage a muscle to promote proper movement and function. Physical therapists may use other techniques such as electrotherapy, ultrasound (high-frequency waves that produce heat), taping, kinesiotape, hot packs, and ice in addition to other treatments when appropriate.

Physical therapists will also work with individuals to prevent loss of mobility by developing fitness and wellness oriented programs for healthier and more active lifestyles.

Here at Southland Physical Therapy we treat a wide range of problems. View the list of some of the common body parts and diagnoses that we treat.

Diagnoses & Treatment


  • Brachial plexus injury

  • Cervical Radiculitis

  • Degenerative Joint Disease

  • Headaches

  • Herniated Discs

  • Post-surgical

  • TMJ Dysfunction

  • Torticollis

  • Whiplash Associated Disorder


  • Acromioclavicular Separation (Separated Shoulder)

  • Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder)

  • Arthritis

  • Frozen Shoulder

  • Labral Tears

  • Post-surgical

  • Rotator Cuff Injuries/Tears

  • Shoulder Instability

  • Shoulder Tendonitis and Impingement


  • Chostochondritis

  • Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)

  • Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD)

  • Disc bulges

  • Facet Arthralgia

  • Fractures

  • Herniated Discs

  • Low Back Strain

  • Lumbar Stenosis

  • Osteoporosis

  • Post-surgical

  • Pregnancy-related Low Back

  • Pain/SI Pain

  • Radiculopathy

  • Sacroiliac Dysfunction

  • Sciatica

  • Scoliosis

  • Stenosis

  • Thoracic outlet/inlet syndrome


  • Arthritis

  • Total Hip Replacement

  • Trochanteric Bursitis

  • Sacroiliitis

  • Post-surgical

  • Piriformis Syndrome

  • Pectineal bursitis

  • Knee

Post-surgical rehabilitation

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair (ACL)

  • Arthroscopic surgeries

  • Bunionectomy

  • CABG

  • Carpal Tunnel Release

  • Discectomy

  • Laminectomy

  • ORIF

  • Post surgical/injury scar mobilization

  • Rotator-Cuff Repair

  • Spinal fusions

  • Tendon repairs

  • Total Hip Replacements (THR)

  • Total Knee Replacements (TKR)

  • Total Shoulder Joint Replacements

  • X-Stop


  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament

  • Injury/Repair

  • Chondramalacia

  • Degenerative Joint Disease

  • Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome

  • Medial/Lateral Collateral Ligament Sprains

  • Meniscal Tears

  • Pes Anserine Bursitis

  • Petellofemoral Pain


  • Ankle Sprains

  • Arthritis

  • Cavovarus/cavus of foot

  • Plantar Fasciitis

  • Post-surgical: bunionectomy


  • Biceps Rupture

  • Bursitis/Tendonitis

  • Fractures/Dislocated Elbow

  • Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow)

  • Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's Elbow)

  • Nerve Injuries


  • Balance Deficits

  • Cerebral Palsy

  • Contusions

  • Diabetes

  • Fibromyalgia

  • Fractures

  • Joint stiffness

  • Ligament Sprains

  • Metabolic syndrome

  • Muscle Strains

  • Myalgia

  • Myofascial pain

  • Neuralgia

  • Obesity/Overweight

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Osteoporosis

  • PMR

  • Post-CVA: hemiplegia

  • Post-Polio Syndrome

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Spinal Cord Injuries

Pediatric Physical Therapy

  • Torticollis

  • Hip dysplasia

  • Developmental delay

  • Gait abnormality

  • Osgood-Schlatter & Severs Diseases

  • Fractures

  • Pre and post-surgical care


  • Arthritis

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Fractures of the Forearm, Wrist and Hand

  • Nerve Entrapments

  • OA/RA

  • Repetitive Use Injuries

  • Strain/Sprain